Parshuram, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu, is the personification of courage and devoutness towards parents and one of the greatest warriors of all ages. Parshuram Jayanti is celebrated as birth anniversary of Lord Parshuram, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Parshuram lived during the last Treta and Dvapar Yugas and is one of the 7 Chiranjivi (immortals) of Hinduism. He played an important role in both Ramayana and Mahabharata.
The purpose of the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is to restore Dharma on earth. Unlike other incarnations of Vishnu, Parshuram is a Chiranjivi – an eternal incarnation, still living and is said to still be doing penance today in Mahendragiri Mountain. The Kalki Purana states that as Parshuram was a great warrior, he will be the martial and spiritual teacher (Guru) of Kalki, the tenth and final avatar of Vishnu, which is about to come.
Parshuram Jayanti falls during Shukla Paksh Tritiya in the month of Vaishakh as per the Hindu lunar calendar. It is believed that Parshuram was born during Pradosh Kaal and hence the day when Tritiya prevails during Pradosh Kaal is considered for Parshuram Jayanti celebrations. Parshuram Jayanti will be celebrated on Friday, 28th April 2017.
Shukla Paksh Tritiya of Vaishakh month is also celebrated as Akshay Tritiya which is considered one of the most sacred days to start anything auspicious. There is a strong belief that the merits gained by good acts on this day are forever. It is also regarded as the start of the Treta Yuga.
As per legend, Once Parshuram’s father, Jamadagni got angry with his wife Renuka and ordered Parshuram to murder her. Parshuram obeyed him and killed his mother. Contented with his act Jamadagni asked his son to ask for anything whatever he wanted. Parshuram asked to bring back his mother to life. It was Parshuram’s cleverness that brought back his mother to life again. In this way Parshuram proved his devotion to his father and mother.
It is Parshuram who first gave the Srividya to the world in his treatise known as the Parshuram Kalpa Sooktam. People fast on this day to be blessed with a son. People do several types of devotional programs that are dedicated to lord Vishnu. People go to the Vishnu temples to offer their prayers to god and take part in the several spiritual programs being conducted in the temples.