Goddess Matangi designates as the ninth form among all the ten significant Dus Mahavidyas – the ten Tantric goddesses and a ferocious aspect of Devi, the Hindu Divine Mother Parvati. Ma Matangi is popularly known as Ucchishta-Chandalini or Ucchishta-Matangini.
The Dus Mahavidyas are a group of ten aspects of Wisdom Goddesses and are considered forms of Divine Mother Parvati, who represents a spectrum of feminine divinity in Hinduism. Each form of the Divine Mother is a Mahavidya. The ten Tantric Goddesses are Kali, Tara, Tripura Sundari (Shodashi), Bhuvaneshvari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamala.
All ten forms of the Goddess, whether gentle or terrifying, are worshiped as the universal Mother. The Dus Mahavidyas marks the rise of Bhakti aspect in Shaktism (Power).
When is it observed?
Matangi Jayanti is celebrated on the Shukla paksh tritiya day also known as Akshaya Tritiya in Baisakh (Vaishakh) month as per Hindu lunar calendar. Matangi Jayanti is celebrated when the Goddess Matangi made her appearance on earth. It will be celebrated on Friday, 28th April 2017. She is considered to be the Tantric form of Goddess Sarasvati, the goddess of music and learning.
Matangi is often associated especially with left-over or partially eaten food (Ucchishta) of Deity. She is often offered such left-over food and is in one legend described to be born from it. It is also believed that Ma Matangi is a form of Devi Parvati, who to test the fidelity of her husband, Lord Shiva, had taken the appearance of a beautiful Chandala girl. Lord Shiva failed the test, and Devi Parvati decided to keep this particular avatar of hers and thus came to be known as Matangi or Ucchishtha Matangini.
Matangi is described as a Minister of the Mahavidya goddess Tripura Sundari or Rajarajeshvari, the Queen of Queens. Ucchishta-Matangini is often represented as emerald green in colour and carries a noose, sword, goad, and club, her other well-known form, Raj-Matangi, plays the veena and is often pictured with a parrot.
Matangi form of Mother Goddess Shakti is only worshiped in very rare temples. In South India, she is worshiped in the form of Ucchishta Chandalini, Ucchishta Matangi, Raj Matangi, Sumukhi, Vaishya Matangi and Karan Matangi. Goddess Matangi gives relief from all troubles of life and blessed with all kinds of pleasures of life.
The mantra to worship Ma matangi:
“Om hrim aim srim namo bhagavati ucchishtacandali
sri matangeshvari sarvajanavashankari svaha”