Matsya Jayanti

Matsya Avatar is believed to be the first avatar of the ten primary avatars of Lord Vishnu in the form of Fish. According to the Hindu mythology, the ‘Matsya Avatar‘ is a one-horned fish that appeared during the ‘Mahapralay’ to rescue the Vedas. Matsya Jayanti is the day when Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a fish to protect the universe during Satya Yuga.

When is it observed?

Matsya Jayanti is observed on third day after Amavasya called as ‘Tritiya’ during the Shukla Paksh (the bright fortnight of moon) in the month of ‘Chaitra’ according the Hindu lunar calendar. Matsya Jayanti coincides with the grand ‘Gangaur’ festivities and is an important day for Hindu devotees.

Matsya Jayanti is celebrated on third day of Shukla Paksh on Thursday, 30th March 2017 with devotedly throughout the India.


According to legend, Lord Vishnu in Matsya Avatar saved the lives of Manu and the Saptarishis during the great ancient flood during Satya Yuga. He also rescued the Vedas from the demon named Hayagriva and handed them over to Brahma.


Matsya is described to have rescued the first man, Manu from a great deluge. Matsya may be depicted as a giant fish, or anthropomorphically with a human torso connected to the rear half of a fish.

As per the Vishnu Puran, Matsya Avatar was the first of the ten incarnations ‘Dashavataar’ of Lord Vishnu. On the day of Matsya Jayanti, Hindu devotees worship this form of Vishnu with immense devotion and dedication.



Devotees fast throughout the day and offer worship to Lord Vishnu with reciting the ‘Matsya Purana’ and ‘Vishnu Sahasranaam’ to seek his blessings. On this day, special arrangements and poojas are performed in Lord Vishnu temples all over the country. The ‘Nagalapuram Veda Narayana Swamy Temple’, close to Tirupati, in the state of Andhra Pradesh is the only temple in India that is dedicated to Matsya Avatar of Lord Vishnu.

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