Varaha Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Lord Vishnu. Varaha was the third incarnation of Lord Vishnu during Satya Yuga. Special Pooja is organized in Lord Vishnu temples on the occasion of Varaha Jayanti.
In Varaha Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a boar in this world. To retrieve the Vedas and to save the mother earth from demon Hiranyaksha the Lord Vishnu assumed the role of a boar and brought out the earth (Bhudevi) from the under of the ocean, using its two tusks. It then killed Hiranyaksha and retrieved the Vedas from the asura and brought it back to the safe custody of the Lord Brahma.
When to observe?
Varaha Jayanti is the appearance day of Varaha Avatar. Devotees observe fasts on Varaha Jayanti for a prosperous life. Varaha Jayanti is celebrated on Shukla Paksh of Bhadrapad month on Sunday, 4th September 2016 as per the Hindu lunar calendar.
This is day which is most popular among people from Vaishnava Dharma. It is time to perform religious acts by Hindu people.
Varaha is the third incarnation of Vishnu that appeared to rescue Earth from Demon Hiranyakasha. Diti gave birth to two demons. Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakshayapu were born with terrific powers. At the time of their birth, the entire universe was terrified. After performing austerities for years, Hiranyakasha pleased Brahma. He attained unending powers from Brahma, and he was also blessed with the boon that rendered him almost immortal. As per the boon, no beast nor man nor god could kill him. But somehow from the list of beasts the name of boar was missing. This proved to be his lacunae. He then started a campaign of plunder across the worlds. He pushed the world to the Pataal loka, or the under of the sea. He stole the Vedas, the Holy Scriptures from the Lord Brahma, while he was asleep and performed huge atrocities. To prove his superiority, he went on to disturb the lives of the three worlds. To make the matter worst, he dragged the Earth into the bottom of the sea. To end his terror and free the Earth from evil, Shri Vishnu took the form of Varaha, half-boar-half-human, and defeated Hiranyaksha. It is believed that Vishnu incarnation Varaha killed the demon and took Earth in his tusks to raise it out of the water.
Lord Vishnu, as per the Hindu mythology, is the preserver and protector of the universe. He protects us from various dangers and evil powers. It is explained in Vishnu Purana that whenever Dharma or law and order is endangered, Shri Vishnu will incarnate to eradicate the darkness and win over the evil powers. There have been many incarnations of Vishnu that appeared at different times to defeat demons. Lord Varaha is also such an incarnation of Shri Vishnu; and Varaha Jayanti is the day when Lord Vishnu took the form of Varaha
Ritual & Celebrations
Varaha Jayanti is celebrated mainly in Southern India. However, there is a very old temple dedicated to Lord Varaha, located in Mathura too. Varaha Jayanthi is celebrated as festival by Vaishnava sects all over India. Varaha Swamy is the Kshetra Daivam (Lord of the place) for Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam. On the day of Varaha Jayanti, celebrations are held at Varaha Swamy Devasthanam in Tirumala Tirupati.
Many devotees observe fast on this day. Charity is considered to be a very important component of this Vrat (fast). People compulsively read Shrimad Bhagwad Gita on this day and sing chants to please Varaha Swamy. It is believed that worshipping Lord Varaha gets one rid of all the problems in life and brings good fortune and happiness.