Hartalika Teej, a beautiful festival for women to impress Goddess Parvati who blesses them with a marriage like Shiva & Parvati, or healthy life of their husbands.
Teej festivity is observed with much fanfare by women in North Indian states, especially in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. In parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu it is known as “Gauri Habba” or “Swarna Gowri Vratam”.
Three famous Teej which are celebrated by women during Sawan and Bhadrapad months are – Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej, Hartalika Teej.
When to observe?
Haritalika Teej comes one month after Hariyali Teej and most of the time celebrated one day before Ganesh Chaturthi. During Haritalika Teej women worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati which are made of clay.
Hartalika Teej is going to be celebrated on Sunday, 4th September 2016.
Hartalika Teej is typically a women’s festival celebrated by the females of India to enchant Goddess Parvati for her blessings. The blessings are targeted for good health and long life of the husbands of married women, whereas unmarried women pray for a husband like Lord Shiva.
According to the Hindu mythology, Maa Parvati was in love with Lord Shiva. However, he was an ascetic and had no interest in worldly stuff. Goddess Parvati decided to put all her efforts to make Shiva know about her love for him. She did a tough penance of thousands of years in Himalayas. Finally, Lord Shiva noticed the Goddess and realizing her love and devotion, and he married her. Since then, Goddess Parvati is being worshipped as Hartalika and Teej Mata.
Therefore, women’s celebrate Hartalika teej in a very sacred manner to get the love of their husband’s and making the life of their husbands secured.
Rituals and Celebrations
Women celebrate Haryali Teej and Kajari Teej by visiting their parent’s house, but they come back to their in-laws’ house for Hartalika Teej. As they are back to their husbands, they try to look most beautiful as Teej festival offers a chance to the women for wearing all the accessories of Shringar of Suhagin (New Bride) on this day. Some of those Shringar accessories are such that they put mehandi, mahavar, kajal, Bindi and many more. Women also decorate the idols of Maa Parvathy in the same way.
In Maharashtra, women typically wear green Saris, green Bangles and golden bindi on this special day and gift colorfully decorated coconuts to other females.
Hartalika Teej is basically a three day festival. First day is followed by the gathering of all ladies singing and dancing together. They also apply mehandi and the day ends by exchanging gifts between the daughter-in-law and mother-in-law. The second day, the most important day, women keep fast throughout the day as “Nirjala vrat is in the name of Maa Parvati also known as ‘Hartalika vrat’.
Parvathi Maa is known as ‘Teej Mata’ on this day and women read ‘Hartalika Katha’ or ‘Teej Katha’ to fascinate her. After pooja process is over, women sit over the whole night and celebrate by singing and dancing. It is customary at some places to stay awake at Teej night and sometimes all three nights are celebrated to symbolize the penance undertook by Parvati. With this custom, another custom has been attached of lighting up an oil lamp and keep it throughout the whole night to signify the wellbeing of their husbands. Women also offer food to young girls and Brahmins on this day.
On the last day, women end this festival by preparing delicious recipes to break their fast. The dishes of the feast vary according to the regions, like Rajasthani prepares Ghewar and Daal Bhati, whereas women from M.P., U.P. and Bihar prepare vermicelli, malpua and kheer-puri.
Mantra of Hartalika Teej Pooja:
Mantra being enchanted during Pooja of Goddess Parvati is:
“Om Umayee Parvatayee Jagdayee Jagatprathisthayee Shantirupayee Shivayee Brahma Rupniyee”
And for Lord Shiva:
“Om Hrayee Maheshwarayee Shambhave Shul Padyee Pinakdhrashe Shivaye Pashupataye Mahadevayaa Namah”