The Full Moon day of the Shukla paksha (waxing moon) of the Kartik month is considered very auspicious and known as Kartik Poornima. Kartik Poornima is very significant among all the poornimas appear in whole year. It marks the end of Kartik month and start of Margshirsha month. Kartik Poornima has immense religious value according to the Hindu mythology. It is very important festival of not only Hindus but also of Jains and Sikhs too.
This day is considered as one of the most propitious days in India. On this day, people take bath in Holy River. The day is also known as Manikarnika Snaan, Ganga Snaan in Manikarnika ghat in Varanasi, Brahma Snaan, Pushkar Snaan in Pushkar Lake. Kartik Snaan ends on Kartik Poornima.
Kartik Month is one of the divinest months that dedicated to worshiping of Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Lord Angira, Lord Brahma, and Lord Sun. Apart from this, Kartik Poornima is also devoted to Goddess Lakshmi and Tripursundari. It is believed that all worship done in this month contributes to the spiritual uplift of the individual.
When is it observed?
The 15th day of shukla paksha of Kartik month i.e. full moon day is known as Kartik
Poornima will be observed on Wednesday 25th November 2015. Kartik Poornima also coincides with the Sikh festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti and is an important religious day for Jains who celebrate it as Shantrunjay
The demon named Tarakasur had three sons called Tripurasura who conquered the world and created three cities called ‘Tripura’, built by 3 demon brothers named as Taraksha, Kamalaksha and Vidyunmali. Lord Shiva in the form of Tripurantaka destroyed those cities with the help of a single arrow. Hence this day famed as Tripuri Poornima. All the other Gods were overjoyed so they announced this day as Victory day- the festival of lights. Thus, it is also known as Dev Diwali, Diwali for Gods.
Kartika Poornima is also celebrated for many other reasons. It is the birthday of Matsya Avtaar – the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu as well as the birthday of Kartikey (The son of Shiva). Raas Leela was also performed on this day by divine lover Raadha and Krishna. This day is also dedicated to the fore fathers.
Another legend says Dev Deepawali is celebrated in the memory of the martyrs of the Mahabharat war. The lamps were lit to brighten their path to heaven.
The Kartik poornima pooja is considered very auspicious as it is believed that annually on Kartik poornima day the gods come down on earth and make their homes in the sacred rivers. People take bath on this day in Ganges and other sacred rivers to eliminate negative forces and to yield positive results.
Hence it is a ritual of taking a bath in Ganga and donating lamps on this day. It is believed that Kartik Poornima provides Dharma, Artha, Kama and Salvation. One who donates on this auspicious day is blessed with the fruits of ten religious sacrifices (Yagya).
It is to believe that this is the only day when women can get blessings from the idol of Lord Kartikey otherwise women are not allowed in Kartikey temple.
Kartik Poornima is the only day of the year when Lord Brahma, the Creator of the Universe, is worshiped. Jains celebrate the Kartik Poornima as Dev Diwali with the worship of Lord Mahavira. It’s also the birthday of Vrinda, the personification of the Tulsi plant and is the last day to perform the ‘Tulsi Vivah’. The Kartik Poornima festival also coincides with Guru Nanak’s Birthday.
On the day of Kartik Poornima, devotees take a ritual bath in a sacred river which is completion of ‘Kartik Snaan’. They worship Lord Vishnu by offering Annakoot (varieties of food for the Lord) in the temples. People donate food, feed poor and perform religious activities on this day.
It is also believed that Vishnu, on this day, returns to his abode after completing his stay in Bali. Hence, the day is known as Dev-Diwali. People of Varanasi celebrate Dev Deepavali very grandly. The Ghats of Varanasi come alive with thousands of Diyas (earthen lamps) as it is a tribute to river Ganga by the people of Varanasi.
There are several fairs organized for this festival in several parts of India. The highest fairs, which are celebrated in this season, are Ekadashi celebrations at Pandharpur and Puskhar fair at Pushkar.
Kartik Poornima is very auspicious and religious day for the Jains. This is the day of ‘Nirvana’ of Lord Mahavira, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara. To them it is the Deva Diwali when Lord Mahavira is worshiped. Jains celebrate it by visiting ‘Palitana’ one of the most famous Jain pilgrimage places.