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According to traditional Hindu culture, trees are considered to be forms of Gods and Hariyali Amavasya is the day meant for worshipping them. The day generally marks the beginning of the green and wet season and hence planting a tree on this day is considered highly fruitful. Many people also worship the holy Peepal tree on this day by going around it and presenting offerings of sweet and flowers.
What is Hariyali Amavasaya?
Hariyali means greenery and Amavasya is a new moon day. Hariyali Amavasya is an agricultural festival celebrated to welcome the “monsoon”. The festival is aimed to celebrate the beauty and majesty of nature and bring the people closer to their natural environment. It’s a belief that each person must plant on this Day.
When is Hariyali Amavasya observed?
Amavasya day in the month of Sawan (Shravan) is celebrated as Hariyali Amavasya. In South Indian calendar it corresponds to Aashada Amavasya. This year, Hariyali Amavasya is on Saturday, 26th July 2014.
Hariyali amavasya is celebrated throughout India with great devotion and joy. It is very interesting to note how this significant day is celebrated by different names in different states. In north India people celebrate it as Shravan month Amavasya. It is a day of fairs and festivity. Chukkala Amavasya (Andhra), Bheemana Amavasya (Karnataka) and Gatari Amavasya (Maharashtra) also observed on the same day.
Significance of Hariyali Amavasya
On Hariyali Amavasya day, devotees gather in large numbers and perform mass puja of lord Shiva for wealth & prosperity and good agricultural season. Special pujas are performed at temples in Mathura Dwarkadhish, Banke Bihariji in Vrindavan, and many other temples of Lord Krishna and Lord Shiva. The Banke Bihari temple in Vrindavan is decorated with
flowers to make a Phool Bangla (Flower house). A number of devotees visit this temple in huge crowds to get the blessings of Lord Krishna.
In Uttar Pradesh Hariyali amavasya is a treat for the eyes of Krishna Devotees. People Celebrated, with great zeal and festivity across north India, People horde to have a glimpse of Lord Krishna . The day holds much significance for the people of Rajasthan and especially Udaipur, where numerous fairs are organized & can be witnessed enjoying various rides, games, snacks etc in the fair. Various swings are also presented to enjoy the upcoming pleasant climate.
Divaso in Gujarat
Hariyali amavasya is known as Divaso in Gujarat. A lamp of ghee is lighted for 36 hours. Worship is offered to this lamp. Divso stand for ‘deep vaso‘ residence of lamp in the house. Diya are the marks of spiritual enlighten and it dispels evil. The festival is associated with a fast known as Evrat – Jivrat. These vrata are performed to please Maa Parvati and seek long life of their husband. Maa Parvati also blesses them with happy married life.
Bheemana Amavasya in Karnataka
People in Karnataka observe this day as Bheemana Amavasya. It is also known as Jyoti Bheemeshwara Vratam which is an important ritual performed by the women. Unmarried girls keep this fast to get a good life partner. Whereas married women keep fast for the welfare of their husband, brother or father. Ladies keep this fast for nine consecutive years. A unique ritual is that the devotees of this Vrata have to prepare diyas of flour called Thambittu Diya.
Special pujas is done to appease the divine couple – Lord Shiva and Maa Parvati. It is said that worshiping Shiva Parvati on this auspicious day enhances prosperity and health.
Gatari Amavasya in Maharashtra
Hariyali Amavasya is known as Gatari Amavasya in Maharashtra. As per amavasyant calendars followed here – this Amavas falls on the last day of Ashad month and the beginning of the holy Shravan month.
It is a celebration of joy and happiness. People enjoy eating non-vegetarian food on this day. Gatari is a mark of farewell to bad food habits and invites the holy month of Shravan. The entire month of Shravan will be spent with Ekabukhth and Nakabhukth i.e. fasting during day or taking a single meal in a day.
Deep Puja –Major ritual of Hariyali Amavasya
Deep Puja is the major ritual of Hariyali Amavasya. People clean & decorate their houses & the decorated coloured Diyas or Lamps placed on a “Chourang” – a mini table with rangoli designs are made around it & lit to perform puja.
Deep Puja is dedicated to the deity of one’s choice i.e. Ishta Devata and to Pancha
Bhootas (five primordial elements – Air, Water, Fire, Sky and the Earth).In some cases, devotees dedicate Deep Puja to the Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Parvati or Goddess Saraswati.
Significance of Deep Puja
Performing Deep Puja provides Asta Aishwarya’s (8 types of wealth). It also possesses spiritual significance. In evening again diyas are lit & placed around the house just like Diwali Puja. It is believed that the radiations of the light of the diyas drive out all the evil and bad powers. It is said to welcome new brightness into our life.
Pitru Tarpan on Hariyali Amavasya
Hariyali Amavasya is highly auspicious day for Pithru tharpan and Pinda Pradhan. Every Amavasya day is important to pay our respect to our ancestors.
On this day, Pitru devatas are highly active and the every good deed like charity, puja or any other auspicious ritual performed by us will definitely reaches them and provides peace to their souls and thus remove pitru dosha.